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Geographical and Geological Attractions
As soon, interest phenomena (Geographical and Geological) of Iran, such the below, with their specifications will be explained.


Lakes and shorelines landscape

- Ashourzadeh Islands: three small islands in Caspian Sea coastline
- Miankaleh or Mianqaleh peninsula near the Ashourzadeh Islands
- Hossein Gholi or Ghazan Gholi Golf, embouchure of Atrak River in Caspian Sea shoreline
- Anzali Swamp
- Kharg Island (coral island)
- Do Khaharan Lake at north of Lar Plain
- Tar and Hubar Lakes in west of Firouz Kouh and east of Damavand Mountain
- Sama Leke (Valasht): north of Marzan Abad in Kalardasht area (north Iran).
- Khalanou Lake: border of Tehran and Mazandaran Provinces at the end of Varange Roud grand valley
- Gahar Lake: in western slope of Oshtoran Kouh mountain and south of Tapaleh canyon.
- Avan Lake: north of Alamout Valley in Qazvin Province
- Neor Lake: border of Ardebil and Gilan Provinces in the slope of Boghroudaq mountain
- Gol seasonal lake: south of Baldaji in Sistan va Balouchestan Province


Deserts

- Shahr e Soukhteh
- Great Salt Desert between Khour and Tabas with the picture of salt polygons
- Pretty barchans of Khour va Biabanak


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Mountains

- Damavand Mountain: highest point of Central Alborz Belt, greatest old volcano, territory of Rostam, Simorq and Zahhak, it has hot springs in Larijan, Ask and Vaneh.
- Sahand, Sabalan and Bazman: some of volcanoes with numerous hot springs and beautiful lakes.


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Mineral and hot waters

The most famous hot spring are: Ab e Garm e Larijan, Ask sulfur bearing spring, Ramsar sulfur bearing springs, Ostrabakou and Emarat hot waters in Haraz Road; Sadat Mahaleh Springs, Sarein, Pileh Darreh, Sardabeh and Boushli in Ardebil and Azarbaijan Provinces; Garmsar, Kharaqan, Ab Torsh, Hasank and etc. in Markazi Province.

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Geological Phenomena

- Erosion of Neocene sediments in Makran district, near the Jask.
- Prismatic basalts, east of Damavand Mountain, north of Polour, Central Alborz
- Prismatic basalts, Torbat e Heydarieh, between Baig and Fahdieh village
- Prismatic basalts, Gorid Mine
- Prismatic basalts, Makou
- Takht e Soleyman and Zendan e Soleyman, Takab
- Kandovan village
- Makran multiple geysers
- Limonitic concretions of calcite in Qom formation
- Natural glacier and moraine of Chakad Kouh
- AA type lavas of Ararat mountain in Makou
- Remnant pillars from erosion in Takab
- Sang e Adam Pillars (Adam Dashi) in Mahneshan
- Onionskin type weathering in Damavand Basalts


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Caves


A) Caves as the result of earthquake and folding

B) Ice caves and air caves

C) Manmade caves

D) Famous caves


Caves as the result of earthquake and folding
- Spahbod Khorshid cave in Doab area in Savad kouh, one of the largest cap of the world that caused by folding
- Ayoub cave in Shahr e Babak near Dehaj and Tazraj villages, as the result of volcanic lava flow
- Chah e Arazeh or Chah e Div, in Ab Senjed e Bagher Abad village, between Natanz and Mourcheh Khort Cities.


Ice caves and air caves
- Yakh Morad at Shah Pol village in Tehran-Chalous Road, a relatively great and valuable cave

Manmade caves
- Kaferkeli or Khane Kafer
- Ask, Darreh Sareh, Band Kenar, Darreh Ayeneh Manoun, Char Tan, Darreh Niak, Kenar Anjam, Palmoun, Gazaneh, Kahroud, Kian, Panjab villages in Haraz Valley
- Goukan in Khorram Abad
- Karaftou in southwest of Takab in Saghez road
- Qale Jough in Saveh-Hamedan road, 2 km next to Qale Jough village
- Maabed e Mehri, southeast of Maragheh in Varjoudi village
- Niyasar cave in Niyasar great village, northwest of Kashan


Famous caves
- Ali Sadr, Hamedan
- Kotaleh Khor, Zanjan
- Peraw, northeast of Kermanshah in the slope of Peraw mountain
- Tarang in Baft, Tarang village
- Moghan, southeast of Mashhad in Moghan Valley
- Roud Afshan in Firouz Kouh road near Delichai
- Chal Nakhjir, southeat of Delijan city near the Delijan-Naragh Road
- Kahak in Delijan-Arak road, Salafchegan crossroad near the Kahak village
- Kaboutar or Hampoubil, southeast of Maragheh near the Mourdi Chai village
- Parqistan in Sfarayen near the Gask village.


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