Reassessment of abandoned copper mines of the Anarak area, volumes 2: the Kanmes copper deposit
The Kanmes mine is an ancient copper mine located 47 Km far from north of Anarak city at 53 33' 09" eastern longitude and 33 24' 13" northern latitude. Like the Goadmorad and Sebarz mines, the Kanmes is located in the Darrehanjir Mountains.
It has occurred in the Cretaceous-Paleocene rock and is related to the lithology, but controlled by fault systems. In the ancient period, native copper was extracted from the deep subsurface tunnels. In the Anarak region, Eocene tectono-magmatic activities caused metasomatism and albitization of ultrabasic rocks, listvenitization of aluminosilicate and carbonate rocks, hydrothermal alteration of metamorphic, igneous and pyroclastic rocks, and serpentinization of ultrabasic rocks. Small igneous bodies in the area show extensive albitization. The contact of quartzite and micaceous schists with ore-bearing and fault zones, show evidence of secondary alteration. These zones that are up to 150 thick, contains remnants of quartz, muscovite, albite and apatite.
The Kanmes deposit is a telethermal deposit with malachite, chalcopyrite and azurite ore minerals. Veins and pockets of ore minerals exist in the sandstone and conglomerate of Paleocene. Copper grade ranges between 0.82 to 5.56%. A sample had 200 ppm molybdenum.