executed Geological activity in the Ardebil Province
Ardebil Province has about 18210 km2 area and is located in northwest of Iran, between East Azerbaijan, Gilan and Zanjan provinces. Its capital is the Ardebil County that is 587 km far from Tehran. Except the northern margin of the province that is low relief, most parts of the province are mountainous. This feature together with geographical latitude, influence of Caspian, Mediterranean and Black seas and Oroumiyeh Lake, cause that cold air masses have significant consequences on climate and variety of vegetation across the province.
There are resources of pumice, limestone, travertine, marble, dimension stone and kaolin in the province that are important in economy and job opportunities of the region.
The Ardebil Province is part of plateau of Azerbaijan that is located in western margin of the Caspian Basin. It includes two structural subzones: the Moghan plain that is covered by clastic deposits of Oligo-Miocene, and the Alborz-Azarbaijan structural zone which contains Tertiary volcanic and pyroclastic rocks. The dormant Sabalan Volcano is one of important geomorphic features of the province that has an itracontinental glacier in its summit. Volcanic activities in the province are associated with metallic mineralization such as copper, gold, manganese, lead and zinc. In northern part of the province, the Moghan plain is part of a large hydrocarbon field extended from the Gorgan to the southern margin of Caspian Sea and north of Ardebil province.
Most important mineral resources of the province involve:
- Hydrocarbon resources located in the Moghan sedimentary basin
- Epithermal mineralization of precious metals like gold that is located in the Naghdouz-Sarkhanlou, Nayer-Zarjabad and Hashtjin-Mojdar zones.
- Geothermal resources located in the Sabalan-Qasr-e Dagh system
- Perlite, pumice and pozzolan located in volcanic rocks of upper Miocene-Pliocene and Sabalan-Qasr-e Dagh volcano
- Diatomite and clays deposits of the upper Neocene Ardebil basin
- Bentonite and industrial soils and variety of sulfates located in Naghdouz-Sarkhanlou, Nayer-Zarjabad and Hashtjin-Mojdar zones
- Decorative stones of Paleozoic to Cretaceous rocks, Paleocene-Eocene limestones, and travertine along the fault zones, mineral springs and Zargar Salavat ophiolite zone.
- Feldspar and zeolite resources located in the alkaline volcanic rocks and nepheline syenite at north of the province; Namin-Razi, Moradlou and Moshiran zones