CHAPTER ELEVEN: Judical System Development
> Article 130
The judicial power is charged with preparing the following bills and have them approved by the relevant authorities:
A.A bill for "Cleansing the Criminal Laws" in order to prevent the ill- effects of misinterpretation of less offensive misdemeanors, reduction of the costs of the criminal justice procedures and
avoiding improper expansion of the criminal laws which lead to the wastage of the public rights and liberties.
B.A bill for "Replacement for Imprisonment" in order to utilize modern method of rehabilitation of the culpable in the society, as well as creating more balance between the crime and punishment and the culpable personality.
C.A bill for "safeguarding the rights of the witnesses and the accused".
D.A bill for "Protection of the victims of social crimes."
E.A bill for "Preservation and Enhancement of the Citizenry Rights and Protection of the Personal Privacy, in line with enforcement of the Principle twentieth (20) of the Constitution of the Islamic
Republic of Iran".
F.A bill for "Defining the Political Offense and its Distinction from other Offenses".
G.To take measure toward the followings:
1.To establish a fast-moving, precise, equally accessible, low cost, legally predictable, fair and solid judiciary system.
2.To lay the foundation and to guarantee the fundamentals of the private property and intellectual property rights within the judicial territory.
3.To eliminate all types of discriminations - gender, ethnic and group - in the legal and judicial territory.
4.To initiate mechanisms required for prevention of crime, on the basis of the Principle one hundred fifty six (156) of the Constitution of Islamic Republic of Iran.
5.To design and set up a management information system (M.I.S.), and judicial operation and management aiming at accelerating efficient operation and management, to reform processes and
judicial procedures, by the end of the fourth plan.
6. To lay the foundation for formation of the non-government judiciary institutions.
7. In order to enforce the Principle thirty five (35) of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, and to secure and preserve the public rights and to expand the legal services, any of the parties to the litigation will have the right to appoint, to introduce and to have the presence of an attorney in all phases of rendering justice - from investigation to enforcement of the judicial ruling, except the cases of confidential nature, or when the presence of the non-accused is determined by the judge to be causing a mischief.
> Article 131
The Judiciary Power is authorized to: