CHAPTER TWELVE: Good Governance and the Modernization of State
> Article 135
The role and duties of the government in the areas of "sovereignty affairs", social, cultural and services undertakings affairs", "infrastructural affairs' and "economic undertakings affairs" be defined and formulated as follow:
A. The sovereignty affairs:
The government sovereignty affairs, realization of which will cause the country's sovereign authorities benefiting all the societal groups, without any restriction are:
1. Policy-making, planning, and supervision of the economic, social and cultural sectors,
2. Establishing justice and social security and income redistribution.
3. Creating a healthy environment conducive to competition, prevention of monopoly and wastage of the people' s rights.
4.Laying the foundations and creating advantages necessary for the growth and development of the county and elimination of poverty and unemployment.
5.Law making, documentation and registration affairs, establishing order and security, and administration of the judicial affairs.
6.To preserve the country's territorial integrity, and to prepare for the national security.
7.To preserve the Islamic and Iranian identity.
8.Administration of the domestic affairs, public financing, and regulating the labor relations and foreign relations.
9.To protect the environment and to safeguard the natural resources and the cultural heritage,
10.Fundamental science and research, national statistics and information,
11.To prevent contagious diseases, to counteract to, and reduce the implications of the natural events and complicated crises,
B.The social, cultural and service undertakings affairs: The social benefits of this set of undertakings are superior to the individual benefit, leading to improved living of the individuals. This
includes: public, technical and vocational education, science and research health and medical care, physical education and sport, information and mass communications and the cultural, artistic and religious propagation affairs.
C.The infrastructural affairs:
This set belongs to the capital asset acquisition projects, which would lead to strengthening the economic and productive infrastructures of the country, such as water and soil projects, urban and rural development projects and energy supply networks, communications and transportation networks.
D.The economic undertaking affairs:
This set includes duties by which the government undertakes management and exploitation of the society's assets, and acts like real and