CHAPTER EIGHT: Enhancement of Human Security and Social Justice
> Article 95
In order to establish justice and social stability, to reduce social and economic disparities, to reduce the gap between income deciles and to secure fair distribution of income in the country, as well as to alleviate poverty and deprivation, enabling the poor, via allocation of effective and targeted allocation of the social security resources and payment of subsidy, government is bound to prepare and implement comprehensive plans for eradicating poverty and promoting social justice on the basis of the following principles, and take measures within six months from enactment of this law to review the existing regulations and to prepare the bills for realization of the following policies:
A.To expand and deepen comprehensive social security system from the points of view of comprehensiveness, wholeness and effectiveness.
B.To enforce taxation policies aimed at fair distribution of income.
C.To determine the poverty line, to define appropriate enabling plans, to regulate the social support service system, to bring the entire segment of population who are under the absolute poverty line
under the cover of the social security system, making ascertain that the population between the absolute poverty line and the relative poverty line are covered, to follow up and record the implications of the social and economic plans on the poverty line, on the population below the poverty line , as well as the extent of income in the lowest three income deciles and the poverty gap, and to compensate for the implications of the economic and social plans on the three lowest income deciles through increasing their purchasing power.
Government is charged with identifying and completely covering all the households below the absolute poverty line by the agencies and institutions responsible for the social security system.
D. To design special programs for employment, enabling, attraction of the social participation, training the work skill and skills of living, especially for the population of the lowest three income deciles of the country.
E.To enhance participation of non-government institutions and charity entities in the poverty eradication programs, to identify the orphans and the households below the poverty line throughout the country by the regional managements and to provide social, cultural and economic protections for the said individuals by the same entities and agencies and the institutions responsible for the
social security system.
F.Possibility of providing healthy and adequate food in line with a desirable nutritional basket and guaranteeing free health, medical care and rehabilitation services, providing low-cost housing, as well as ascertaining that the people under eighteen years of age in the families situated within the lowest three income deciles are covered for free public education, through replacement, and efficient allocation of the subsidy resources.
G.To provide legal support, social counsel and social work, in order to defend the individuals, family and social rights of the poor.
H. To adopt an enabling approach, and promote community participation, on the basis of the model for the basic requirements of development, having the local communities to identify the needs