The reflectivity of ice and snow-covered surfaces. The albedo of freshly fallen snow may be as much as 90%, while older snow may have values of 75% or less. The larger the areal extent of snow and ice cover, the higher the albedo value. The surface albedo will also increase as a function of the depth of snow cover up to 13 cm and be unaffected by increased snow cover after reaching that depth.
A dome-shaped body of ice and snow that covers a mountain highland, or lower-lying land at high latitude, and that displays generally radial outward flow.
Skinner B.J., S.C.Porter & J.Park (2004), DYNAMIC EARTH, 5th edition, Jon Wiley & Sons.
During the present time, the extent, especially the thickness, of glacier ice on a land surface. Also the same as ice concentration, which is the ratio of an area of sea ice to the total area of sea surface within some large geographic area.
A process that produces precipitation. The process involves tiny ice crystals in a supercooled cloud growing larger at the expense of the surrounding liquid droplets. Also called the Bergeron-Findeisen process.